Climate refers to the prevailing weather conditions at a specific location or region. Most commonly these conditions include: temperature, humidity, precipitation, cloud cover, wind speed, and direction. Often these data are averaged over a period of time to identify likely expectations during a typical year. Often climate is differentiated between macro-climate (region specific) and micro-climate (climate specific to a particular site or sub-area of a site).
For daylighting design, climate can provide essential guidelines for a building. Prevailing sky conditions set priorities for a response primarily to clear skies or to the overcast. Temperature ranges can help set priorities for aperture area and window glazing types. The relationship between sun position, sky conditions, and outdoor air temperature can help designers to decide when to provide solar shading or glare control inside or outside the building envelope.
- Brown, G. Z., Dekay, Mark (2000). Sun, Wind & Light: Architectural Design Strategies. Wiley; 2nd Ed.
Lead Author(s): Chris Meek
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